A large number of people are falling prey to deadly diseases like cancer in Haryana, and sources say the death toll is on the rise. Even after in last three years, a total of 12,091 deaths took place due to various forms of cancer in the state, the government seems to have no tool to address the situation.
Anil Vij, health minister of Haryana, confirmed that 4,592 people died due to cancer in all 22 districts in 2017 with the highest of 771 deaths reported in Faridabad.
The next district to record the most number of deaths was Yamunanagar with 501, 440 in Jind and 354 in Rohtak. While Sonepat had 262 deaths in 2017, Narnaul recorded 217 cases, Rewari 197 and Gurugram 139 deaths last year.
There have been 337 deaths due to cancer in last two months of this year, whereas 3,782 people died in 2016 and 3,380 perished in 2015.
A senior official of Gurugram civil hospital said: Haryana has no hospital specifically for cancer. Even, there is no ward in the state-run civil hospitals in any of the 22 districts. Developed district like Gurugram, which had a cancer ward in civil hospital till first half of last year, has been shut down since due to resignation of a cancer specialist Dr SP Bhanot.
He added that only PGIMS Rohtak has a cancer ward in the entire state. As a result, large number of cancer patients are dependent on AIIMS, Delhi and PGIMS, Chandigarh.
During the tenure of Congress government, an AIIMS-like hospital was proposed in Badli in Jhajjar district but it is not fully functional despite having a cancer wing.
The official pointed out that rapid industrialisation in different district such as Gurugram, Faridabad,Panipat, Sonepat, Karnal, Rewari are generating huge amount of industrial waste which is disposing of directly in rivers without undergoing recycling process in sewage treatment plants (STPs).
Cities like Gurugram has three STPs but their capacities to recycle are only 160 million gallon daily (MGD), while the city is generating over 400 MGD per day of sewerage and industrial liquid wastes.
Apart from that, improper sanitation especially in surroundings of solid waste treatment plants and excessive use of fertilisers are the major cause of concern that lead to water and soil contaminations.
It has broken the recycling of groundwater as well as responsible for contamination of Yamuna. There are several reports about percentage of arsenic increasing in Yamuna riverbed in Delhi.
According to Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), majority of the cases is related to breast, cervix, and lung cancers found in men. The average age group of women is 52 to 54 nationwide.
The disease affects about 11.5 per cent young adults and 57 per cent in their middle-age group. Geriatric cancer affects 25.7 per cent people.
Haryana has topped the nationwide tally with 39.6 per cent cancer patients whereas the national Capital has 27.3 per cent and Uttar Pradesh has 12.7 per cent patients. In males, lung cancer is most common disease followed by urinary bladder, mouth, tongue and larynx.